Iowa has one of the highest alcohol and drug abuse rates in the country. Illegal abused drugs in the state include cocaine, meth, heroin, and marijuana. A large amount of cocaine in Iowa is sold in the streets.
There are various types of heroin available in Iowa, the most common Mexican black tar. A large amount of meth is brought into the state by Mexican drug organizations and more is made in in-state meth labs.
Marijuana use is widespread throughout the northwestern and eastern parts of the state. A large amount of marijuana is imported into the state annually.
The abuse of prescription drugs has also increased over the last few years. A concentrated effort by authorities in the past has led to huge drug seizures in the state. The number of alcohol and drug addicts enrolling in outpatient and inpatient treatment centers in Iowa has tremendously increased.
Most of the alcohol and drug abuse rehab facilities in Iowa are state-funded outpatient treatment centers but there are a number of inpatient treatment centers. Inpatient treatment centers cater for addicts with long-running addictions.
These inpatient treatment centers offer pharmacotherapy for various types of addictions. Pharmacotherapy entails the use of medications to treat addictions. Some of these treatments include the use of methadone, naltrexone, and buprenorphine to treat opiate addiction, use of bupropion and nicotine replacement therapy to treat tobacco addiction, and the use of acamprosate and disulfiram to treat alcohol addiction. In many instances, pharmacotherapy is combined with behavioral treatment therapies.
Inpatient treatment centers offer long and short-term residential treatment programs to addicts. In short-term residential treatment programs, addicts are confined to inpatient facilities for three months. The three month inpatient treatment program is followed by extended outpatient therapy.
This treatment program combines a number of treatment approaches which include group support therapy and aftercare programs. In long-term treatment programs, the addict is confined within one of the inpatient treatment centers for up to a year during which he receives intensive treatment therapy and counseling sessions.